Scientific name: Phyllanthus niruri 

Common names: dukong anak, dukong-dukong anak, amin buah, rami buah, turi hutan, bhuiaonla, and Meniran

Ayurvedic names: Bhumyamalaki

Chinese names: zhu zi cao

Bangladesh names:

Arabic names:    النعناع البري، الأسود (alnna’enaa’e al barri, al aswad)

Rain Forest names:

Family: Euphorbiaceae 

Approximate number of species known:

Common parts used: Leaves, flowers


Annual/Perennial: Perennial

Height: 50 to 70 cm


Known Constituents:

Constituents Explained:


Traditional Use:

A common herb used in Indian Ayruvedic medicine, its normally used for the liver in conditions such as hepatitis, and the gallbladder.

It is sometimes used in immune enhancing and anti viral formulas.

Clinical Studies:

Acute tonsillopharyngitis is characterized by tonsil or pharyngeal inflammation and mostly is a virus in origin. 

NSPN extract containing Nigella sativa and Phyllanthus niruri extracts has both antiinflammatory and immunomodulatory effects. A comparative, parallel, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study with a treatment period of 7 days was conducted to examine clinical effectiveness of Nigella sativa and Phyllanthus niruri extract (NSPN extract).

Of 200 enrolled patients, 186 patients completed the study, 12 patients withdrew and 2 patients were principally screened failure but inadvertently included. 

NSPN capsules, each containing 360 mg Nigella sativa and 50 mg Phyllanthus niruri extracts, were orally administered 3 times 1 capsule daily for 7 days. At Hour 5 or 6 of the first dosing of study medication, the sore throat assessed as swallowing pain and difficulty, was markedly alleviated in the NSPN group. 

In line with the significant alleviation of pain, from Days 0 to 2 of treatment, subjects in the NSPN group also needed significantly less escape âanalgesicâ therapy than those in the placebo group.

At the end of treatment (Day 7), a significantly greater proportion of patients in the NSPN group than in the placebo group had their sore throat completely relieved. 

NSPN extract was also found to be safe and well tolerated in acute tonsillopharyngitis patients. This study proved significant benefits of NSPN extract in the treatment of acute tonsillopharyngitis as compared to placebo.


Dirjomuljono M, Kristyono I, Tjandrawinata RR, Nofiarny D. “Symptomatic Treatment Of Acute Tonsillo-Pharyngitis Patients With A Combination Of Nigella Sativa And Phyllanthus Niruri Extract.” 2008 June

Phyllanthus Niruri

  • Botanical Name : Phyllanthus Niruri
  • Family Name : Euphorbiaceae
  • Common Name : Phyllanthus Plant, Child Pick-a-back, Gulf Leafflower, Black Catnip, Meniran, Chanca Piedra, Shatterstone, Stone Breaker, Quebra Pedra, Gale Of Wind, Carry Me Seed, Creole Senna, Daun Marisan
  • Part Used : Whole Plant
  • Habitat : Common in central and southern india extending to srilanka.
  • Product offered : Wholeplant

Uses : Phyllanthus blocks DNA polymerase, the enzyme needed for the hepatitis B virus to reproduce. It also prevent from jaundice,diabetes, dyspepsia, ulcers, sores, swellings, ophthalmia and chronic dysentery. Whole plant is useful for the treatment of some forms of gonorrhea, menorrhagia, dropsy, menorrhagia and other genito- urinary affections of a similar type. A poultice of the leaves mixed with salt cures itch and other skin affections. It is bitter, astringent, cold, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective and useful in liver disorders, cough, asthma, jaundice, spleen disorders. Phyllanthus may help decrease the amount of hepatitis B virus found in the blood stream.