Scientific name: Trillium erectum, Trillium pendulum
Common names: Milk Ipecac, Three-Leaved Nightshade, Trillium, Indian Shamrock, Cough Root, Nodding Wakerobin, Lamb’s Quarters, Ground Lily, Snake Bite, Rattlesnakes Roo, Jew’s Harp Plant
Arabic names: التريليوم (al trillium)
Rain Forest names:
Approximate number of species known:
Common parts used: Root or rhizome
Collection: Mid summer
Height: 10 to 15 inches
Actions: Astringent, emmenagogue, expectorant, oxytoic, uterine tonic
Known Constituents: Saponins, glycosides, tannin
This herb was given the name Birthroot by Native American Indians who used it as a tonic during childbirth.
Used as a tonic for the uterus, vagina and as a powerful menstrual regulator.
Its astringent properties see it used as a treatment for hemorrhaging of the lungs and to treat coughs(1).
Externally it is used for ulcers.