Scientific name: Aloe ferox
Ayurvedic names: Kumari
Chinese names: lu hui
Arabic names: الصبر الآسيوي (as-sabru al asyawi)
Rain Forest names:
Approximate number of species known:
Common parts used: Whole herb, sprouts
Height: 30 to 60 feet
Known Constituents: Normally >18% hydroanthracene derivates includsing barbalion C21H22o9
Soluble in boiling water partly, soluble in hot ethanol (96%)
Known as a nutritious plant, it contains Vitamins A, B vitamins, C, E, K and a varitey of minerals and trace minerals. A green plant famed for its high chlorophyll content. When in bloom it contains beautiful purple flowers.
A study identified, quantified, and compared the phytochemical contents and antioxidant capacities of Aloe ferox lyophilized leaf gel (LGE) and 95% ethanol leaf gel extracts (ELGE) using GC-MS and spectrophotometric methods.
Analytically, 95% ethanol is less effective than ethyl acetate/diethyl ether or hexane (in the case of fatty acids) extractions in separating phytochemicals for characterization purposes.
However, although fewer compounds are extracted in the ELGE, they are approximately 345 times more concentrated as compared to the LGE.
Individual phytochemicals identified included various phenolic acids/polyphenols, phytosterols, fatty acids, indoles, alkanes, pyrimidines, alkaloids, organic acids, aldehydes, dicarboxylic acids, ketones, and alcohols.
Due to the presence of the antioxidant polyphenols, indoles, and alkaloids, the A. ferox leaf gel shows antioxidant capacity.
Due to its phytochemical composition, A. ferox leaf gel may show promise in alleviating symptoms associated with/or prevention of cardiovascular diseases, cancer, neurodegeneration, and diabetes.
Loots du T, van der Westhuizen FH, Botes L. “Aloe Ferox Leaf Gel Phytochemical Content, Antioxidant Capacity, And Possible Health Benefits.” 2007 August http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17661490