Glucose is considered the foundation of energy, and it is believed that glucose when combined with oxygen is the foundation of energy. When oxygen combines with glucose it releases up to 38 molecules of atp? this is called cellular respiration ?
Glucose is transofmred into ATP through three stages: glycolysis, the krebs cycle, and the electron transport chain.
Thikn of glycolysis as being the break down of the glucose. Glycolysis occurs in the cytoplasm, the liquid medium within the cell. Glucose breaks down into two three carbon molecules called pyruvic acids, or pyruvate molecules.
GLycolysis uses two ATP’s for a result of four ATP’s ?, in addition to two pyriuvates, and NADH.
Glucose (C6H1206) + 6 x 02 (oxygen) > 6 CO2 (carbon dioxide) + 6 H20 (WATER) + ENERGY
Adenosine triphosphate, sometimes referred to as bioligical energy, or the currency of the cells, is comproised of adednine which has a nitrogensous base, a sugar called ribose and 3 phosphate groups attached hence the name tri.
Adenosine diphostate is where one of the phosphate groups is not on the end of thr group, but rather a hydroxide takes its place?, basically the “di” means there are two phosphate groups. When ATP converts to ADP energy is released.
HYdrolysis means reation with water. When ATP + H20, when ATP reacts with water, it creates ADP + P ?
We take a monomer and convert it to a polymer ?
nucleotides becomes a polynucleotide chain ? A nucleotide is composed of a sugar, and a nitrogenous base, with a phosphate group. In ATP the three phosphate groups are covalently bonded.
The electrons in the three phosphate groups are energetically unstable?
The phosphate groups have been phosphorilised which means there’s only two groups less.
eventually a hydroxide group replaces the third phosphate ?, or adenosine monophosphate.
ATP is classified as a nucleoside triphosphate, it has three components (adenine (nitrogenous basea), ribose (whic his a sugar), and triphosphate.
ATP provides energy to a reaction by donating one of it’s phosphate groups.
In an absense of oxygen, the glycolysis can go on in an anaerobic process called fermentation. In yeast the product of fermentation is ethyl alcohol?
When the muscles use all the oxygen they can get they then go into anareobic respiration generating lactic acid.
The next stage of the atp cycle / cell cycle ? is the krebs cycle, and the electron transport chain ?. They’re aerboic processes. After glycolysi s? is the kreb’s cycle.
The krebs cycle takes two pyruvate molecules and creates 2 atp per glucose molecule.