Chemistry has its own term, it has a wide scope of words and phrases that are used in the science field. It is a must to limit the number of contents in order for the chemist (An individual or a health care professional that specializes in chemistry) to easily comprehend the given representation of a chemical compound in an identical way.
It is one of the main branches of science under Physical Sciences. It deals with the study of elements, compounds, properties of substances, compositions, chemical reactions, and structures of matter.
The range of Chemistry is very wide, and it covers each part of our lives. From the food that we eat, the energy we store, the energy that metabolizes it, rusting irons, baking cakes, diagnosis and treatment of different kind of diseases, and airplane propellants. Everything is related to Chemistry.
Chemistry also overlaps with Physics and Biology. Therefore when one type of phenomenon is associated it can form to Physical Chemistry and Biochemistry.
The only way to easily understand this subject matter is to know the basics. You should have a strong foundation of the nature of matter that we will discuss further in this article.
The Physical States of Matter
There are three physical states of matter namely solid, liquid, and gas. The types of a given matter sample in terms of physical state is covered through shape and volume, whether it is definite or indefinite.
Solid is the physical state of definite shape and volume; it is the state that is characterized by unbroken and uninterrupted gaps or breaks. Ice water in the solid-state has the same shape and volume.
Liquid is the physical state of fluid matter having no fixed shape but a fixed volume. Water has no fixed shape but has a fixed volume.
Gas is the physical state of matter distinguished from having neither independent shape nor volume and being able to expand indefinitely. Water evaporation is characterized by the process of liquid turn into a gaseous state.
Major Branches of Chemistry
Inorganic Chemistry is the branch of chemistry which deals with all substances except for hydrocarbons and their derivatives. It is also originally the branch of chemistry dealing with substances not associated with living organisms.
Organic Chemistry is the branch of chemistry that deals with the structure, properties, composition, reactions, and preparation of carbon-containing compounds, hydrogen, and oxygen. It includes not only hydrocarbons but also compounds with any number of elements.
Analytical Chemistry is the branch of chemistry that deals with the analysis of different elements in a compound.
Physical Chemistry is the branch of chemistry wherein it uses actual techniques, physical properties, and chemical substances.
Biochemistry is the study of chemical compounds found in living organisms; it is the amount of work to comprehend biology within the passage of chemistry.
Consequently, these major branches of chemistry are not the only ones, there are several sub-branches that belong under it.
In that matter, there is a big phenomenon among Chemistry, Biology, Medicine, Physics, Geology, Engineering, and other branches of science. This fact proves that the title central science clearly belongs to chemistry.
Properties of Matter
Different types of matter are characterized out of one another by their properties. A property is a distinctive feature of a matter that is utilized in its distinction and characterization. Every matter has incomparable types of properties that mark it as different from all other matter. There are two kinds of properties of matter: physical and chemical.
A physical property is a characteristic of matter that can be measured and observed without changing the basic identity of the chemical substance. The usual physical properties compose odor, color, boiling point, melting point, hardness, and physical state (solid, liquid, or gas).
Throughout the entire time of identifying a physical property, the physical aspect of a matter may change, but the matter’s identity does not. As an example, it is not capable of occurring to determine the melting point of a solid without transforming the solid into a liquid. Even though the liquid’s outward visible aspect is much distinct from that of a solid, the matter is still identical: its chemical composition has not varied. Therefore the melting point is a physical property.
A chemical property is a distinction of a matter that gives an account in a manner that the matter avoids change to make a new substance. As per example, copper metals change to green when exposed to moist air for a relative period of time.
In many instances, the changes featured with chemical properties produced from the reaction of a substance with many other substances. Despite anything else, the current existence of a second substance is not capable of being something that is conceived or that exists independently and not in relation to other things. On certain occasions, the current existence of energy (generally, heat or light) can activate the change called decomposition. That hydrogen peroxide, the current existence of either heat or light, decomposes, into the substances, water and oxygen is a chemical property of hydrogen peroxide.
When we particularly mention chemical properties, we generally give specifications such as temperature and pressure, for the reason that they affect the chemical reactions between substances. As per example, the gases oxygen and hydrogen are unreactive with each other given at room temperature, but they respond at a temperature of several hundred degrees explosively.
Changes in Matter
Changes in the matter are usual and known. Changes happen when food is metabolized, the paper is burned, and the pencil is sharpened. Similarly, the changes in matter are categorized into two: physical and chemical.
A physical change is a change from one state (solid, liquid, or gas) to another without a change in chemical composition. It is the most usual type of change. Melting, freezing, evaporation, and condensation are all changes of state. Anything about these procedures the components of the substance experiencing change is in the same place.
A chemical change is a procedure in which a substance combines with another substance. Chemical changes involve the conversion of the material, computation, materials into one or more new substances. As per example, iron rusting when exposed to moisture. Distinctively different from those with raw materials.
Chemists research the changes in a matter for us to enable to study how to bring about favorable changes and stop the not so good ones. The power to determine the chemical change has been a big factor in the achievement of the modern standard of living enjoyed by several people in the world. Plastic bags, synthetic fibers, and prescription medicines, via controlled chemical change.
Chemistry is the subject of matter combining and separating through chemical reactions. While the general knowledge thinks that being a chemist is limited in an enclosed laboratory with strange experiments around, reality corrects that we are all chemists.
The fundamental concepts of Chemistry are constantly surrounding us – we are part of the Chemistry universe. From the food we cook to the air we breathe, it is all chemistry.