Scientific name: Angelica archangelica (Garden Angelica), Angelica atropurpurea
Common names: Archangel, American Angelica, Dead Nettle, High Angelica, Masterwort, Purple Angelica, Wild Angelica, Holy Ghost, Norwegian Angelica
Ayurvedic names: Chandaa, canda, Chandaamshuka, Kathachoraa
Chinese names: Bai Zhi
Arabic names: حشيشة الملاك (hasheeshatu’lmalaak)
Rain Forest names:
Approximate number of species known: 60
Common parts used: Root, leaf, seed, stem, rhizome
Collection: The root is best collected in autumn in the first year of growth. The whole herb is best collected in summer, cut above the root, and if the stem is too thick, the leaves can be removed and used by themselves.
Height: Up to 8 feet
Actions: Astringent, bitter, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, appetizer, aromatic, carminative, diaphoretic, diuretic, emmenagogue, expectorant, soothing, stimulant, stomachic, tonic
Known Constituents: Rich in coumarins (throughout the plant including osthol, angelicin, osthenol, umbelliferone, archangelicin, bergapten, ostruthol, imperatorin, umbelliprenine, xanthotoxol, xanthotoxin, oxypeucedanin, oreoselone, phellopterin, marmesin, byakangelicol, and 2′-angeloyl-3′-isovaleryl vaginate, with osthol in major concentration (ca. 0.2% of root); the root (root and rhizome) contains 0.3–1% volatile oil (d-α-phellandrene), α-pinene, limonene, β- caryophyllene, linalool, borneol, acetaldehyde, four macrocyclic lactones (ω-tridecanolide, 12-methyl-ω-tridecanolide, ω-pentadecanolide, ω-heptadecanolide); acids (angelic, aconitic, citric, malic, oxalic, malonic, fumaric, succinic, caffeic, chlorogenic, quinic, lauric, tridecanoic, myristic, pentadecanoic, palmitic, palmitoleic, stearic, oleic, linoleic, linolenic, petroselinic, behenic acids); resin, starch, sugars (sucrose, fructose, glucose, umbelliferose), archangelenone (a flavonone), β-sitosteryl palminate, and arachinate; the fruits (or seeds) contain approx 1% volatile oil, (β-phellandrene, other terpenes; imperatorin, bergapten, iso-imperatorin, iso-pimpinellin, 8-hydroxy-5-methoxypsoralen, 4-methoxy-7-hydroxypsoralen, phellopterin, xanthotoxol, xanthotoxin; tannin, valeric acid
Highly valued by herbalists, Angelica received the name “Archangel” due to its positive impact on the body. Also called ‘the root of the holy ghost.’
Believed to be native to Syria. It then spread to Europe. Angelica tends to grow best in cool climates and is common to Scotland, Lapland and Iceland.
It contains resin in the stems and the very top of the root, with growth during the first year only producing leaves. By the second year the stem often reaches six feet.
Stem is purple with 3-toothed leaves. Each leaf has leaflets that grow out from that, generally in three groups, which is then divided again into another three sub groups.
Flowers are white, yellow or green and grow in clusters at the end of the stalk, blossoming in summer.
Roots are yellowish-grey and very heavy, with many rootlets that grow from it. The rhizome has a grayish-brown or reddish-brown colour.
Grows best in damp soil, often near pooling water.
It is sometimes confused with Wild Parsnip.
The species A. sylvestris has a hairy purple stem with flowers that are white with parts that are purple. A yellow dye can be obtained from it.
Angelica has a pleasant smell, including the root. It is sometimes compared to juniper berries.
Used as a “cure-all” for hundreds of years.
In modern times has been used for the lungs or aiding the urinary system.
Various parts of Angelica are widely used in different ways: the roots, leaves and seeds are good for medicinal purposes; seeds and stems, thanks to their pleasant fragrance, are used for flavoring liquors and in the confectionery industry; the dry leaves, also thanks to their aromatic characteristics, are used for aroma extracts.
Traditionally used to stimulate digestion, poor appetite, sooth cramping, ease gas, rheumatism, respiratory problems such as asthma, bronchitis and chesty cough, particularly when accompanied with symptoms of cold and flu.
Circulation can be enhanced through Angelica and it is proven to revive cold hands or feet.
Oil is used for calming purposes and taken as a tonic for colds and flu’s, as well as stomach-related problems which has been found useful for those suffering from Anorexia nervosa.
Tea from the herb has been used for poor eyesight and in some cases to treat ear problems.
Seacoast Angelica is sometimes used like Wild Celery, and externally the leaves have been used as a poultice on the front and back of the chest to some effect.
The behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia place a heavy burden on caregivers. Antipsychotic drugs, though used to reduce the symptoms, frequently decrease patients’ activities of daily living and reduce their quality of life. Recently, it was suggested that ferulic acid is an effective treatment for behavioral and psychological symptoms. It was also reported several patients with dementia with Lewy bodies showing good responses to ferulic acid and Angelica archangelica extract (Feru-guard). The present study investigated the efficacy of Feru-guard in the treatment of behavioral and psychological symptoms in frontotemporal lobar degeneration and dementia with Lewy bodies.
Open-label trial of daily Feru-guard (3.0 g/day) lasting 4 weeks in 20 patients with frontotemporal lobar degeneration or dementia with Lewy bodies. Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia were assessed at baseline and 4 weeks after the start of treatment, using the Neuropsychiatric Inventory. The Neuropsychiatric Inventory scores were analyzed using the Wilcoxon rank sum test.
Treatment with Feru-guard led to decreased scores on the Neuropsychiatric Inventory in 19 of 20 patients and significantly decreased the score overall. The treatment also led to significantly reduced subscale scores on the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (“delusions”, “hallucinations”, “agitation/aggression”, “anxiety”, “apathy/indifference”, “irritability/lability” and “aberrant behavior”). There were no adverse effects or significant changes in physical findings or laboratory data.
Feru-guard may be effective and valuable for treating the behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia in frontotemporal lobar degeneration and dementia with Lewy bodies.
Another investigation studied the antiproliferative effect of a tincture from fruits of Angelica archangelica and the active components using the human pancreas cancer cell line PANC-1 as a model. Significant dose-dependent antiproliferative activity was observed in the tincture with an EC50 value of 28.6 microg/ml.
Strong antiproliferative activity resulted from the two most abundant furanocoumarins in the tincture, imperatorin and xanthotoxin. The contribution of terpenes to this activity was insignificant. Imperatorin and xanthotoxin proved to be highly antiproliferative. The results indicate that furanocoumarins account for most of the antiproliferative activity of the tincture.
Kimura T, Hayashida H, Murata M, Takamatsu J. “Effects Of Ferulic Acid And Angelica Archangel Extract on Behavioral And Psychological Symptoms Of Dementia On Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration And Dementia With Lewy Bodies.” 2011 July. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21272180
Sigudsson S, Ogmunds Dottir HM, Gudbjargason S. “Antiprolifirative Effect Of Angelica Archangelica Fruits.” 2004 July. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15813373
Others names: Archangelica officinalis, Garden Angelica
Latin name: Angelica Archangelica
Common part used: root, leaves, seeds
The plant is native to the subarctic and temperate zones of the Northern Hemisphere, though some botanists believe it was originally from Syria, and only afterwards spread to the colder countries of Europe. It is found in Scotland, and even further to the north – in Lapland and Iceland.
The roots of the plant are thick, fleshy and long, the stem is hollow and usually one to three meters high. The leaves are large and bipinnate, red at the base and bright green in the rest, composed of many smaller leaflets, the edges of which are extremely toothed. The leaves are grouped into three, and each of them is divided into three as well.
The numerous small flowers are grouped into big round umbels and usually are yellowish, white or greenish-white in color.
The fruit is three-ribbed, yellow, longish and flat from one side. It has a nice, pleasant fragrance. Actually this aromatic odor is what makes the angelica plant so special and entirely different from the other plants of the Umbelliferae, like Anise, Fennel, Chervi or Parsley. Even the roots of this plant are very aromatic.
The parts of the angelica are widely used in different spheres: the roots, leaves and seeds are good for medicinal purposes; seeds and stems, thanks to their pleasant fragrance, are used for flavoring liqueurs and in the confectionary industry; the dry leaves, also thanks to their aromatic characteristics, are used for aroma extracts.
As for the medicinal uses, angelica makes an excellent remedy for diseases of the urinary organs, rheumatism, pleurisy, colic, and also it makes it easier to cure the colds and coughs. Thus, one should be careful with this plant if suffering from diabetes, as it increases the level of sugar in the organism. It is a nice remedy for high fever, thanks to the diaphoretic quality. In general all the parts of the plants, especially the roots, leaves, stalks and fruits are characterized by diaphoretic, stomachic, tonic and stimulant properties.
Herb Name: Angelica
Other Names: Calls’ angelica, Dang-gui
Latin Name: Archangelica
Common Part used: Leaves, roots, seed and stem
Angelica is a wild herb mostly found in Europe. It belongs to the family Umbelliferae. Plant grows in rich, moist garden soil. It needs partial shade to grow. It can grow in length of 6 meter and is perennial. The flowers of the plant are hermaphrodite. Pollination occurs through insects.
Angelica is considered of medicinal value. The edible parts are leaves which can be used raw or cooked. The leaves are also used to flavor different salads. Sometimes they are used to sweeten the tart fruits and making jams etc. an oil is obtained from root which is also used as a flavor.
Angelica is used as a herbal tea. The tea can be used for gas, colic, indigestion, heart burn and hepatitis. It is also considered good for respiratory system and liver problems. It increases the circulation and energy of the body. Angelica is also used for the suppression of menstruation.
Angelica Should not be used in any case by pregnant women and diabetic patients.
It is considered in different mythologies that growing Angelica in garden may protect the house from evils. The root of the plant is also used as amulet sometimes as protection from evil. It is also considered to lengthen life. Angelica may be used in bath water to break spells.