Other names: Lucerne
Scientific name: Nicotiana Tabacum
Common names: Nicolatiana Tabacumfag, diif, puff, stix are some pink penguin, fun stacks, jiggle sticks, long rods, malory, fat chix, kneegrows
Ayurvedic names: Swarna Kshiri View Herbal Cure Swarnpalli View Herbal Cure Tej Bal View Herbal Cure Tendu View Herbal Cure Terminalia Alatagabra / Arjun Ki Chhal View Herbal Cure The Flowers of Pomegranate / Anar Ke Phool View Herbal Cure The root of Papaya tree View Herbal Cure The seed of Plum Jujube / Ber Aadi View Herbal Cure Tike mimosa / Bakayan View Herbal Cure Til Ke Tail Ka Marham View Herbal Cure Tobacco / Tambakoo View Herbal Cure Trikuta View Herbal Cure Triphala View Herbal Cure Triphala Aadi View Herbal Cure Trisugandha View Herbal Cure Tukmalanga View Herbal Cure Tulsi and Neemboo View Herbal Cure Tumber View Herbal Cure Tumber / Talamkhana View Herbal Cure Turmeric / Haldi View Herbal Cure Utangan View Herbal Cure Vach or Bach View Herbal Cure Vajri / Vajradanti View Herbal Cure Van Haldi View Herbal Cure Vanshlochan
Chinese names: Yan cao
Bangladesh names: Tamak
Arabic names: تبغ (tebegh)
Rain Forest names:
Approximate number of species known: 60 species
Common parts used: Whole herb, sprouts
Collection: British American Tobacco, Tobacco Historical Collection, Australian Tobacco Museum
Annual/Perennial: Most are perennial and some are annual
Height: 10 feet tall
Actions: Tobacco control and Family Tobacco Prevention
Description: Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) is a broad-leafed plant of the nightshade family, indigenous to North and South America, whose dried and cured leaves are often smoked in the form of a cigar or cigarette, or in a smoking pipe, or in a water pipe or a hookah. Tobacco is also chewed, “dipped” (placed between the cheek and gum), and consumed as finely powdered snuff tobacco, which is sniffed into the nose. The word “tobacco” is an Anglicization of the Spanish word “tabaco”, whose roots are unclear; it is thought to derive from the Native American word “tabago” a y-shaped pipe used in sniffing tobacco powder.
Traditional Use: Very high risk of cancer if you use chew, snuff, or smoke cigarettes. Gives you an unpleasant odor and bad breath. Chewing leads to gum disease, tooth decay …
A poisonous plant. One of the components nicotine (usually .6-3%) has been used as an insectide.
Latin name: Nicotiana tabacum
Family: N.O. Solanaceae
Tabacca and tabaci Folia.
Cultivated tobacco is a perennial herbaceous plant. It is found only in cultivation, where it is the most commonly grown of all plants in the Nicotiana genus, and its leaves are commercially grown in many countries to be processed into tobacco. It grows to heights between 1 to 2 meters. It is native to Virginia, America; and cultivated with other species in China, Turkey, Greece, Holland, France, Germany and most sub-tropical countries.
Tobacco is a long fibrous root, stem erect, round, hairy, and viscid; it branches near the top and is from 3 to 6 feet high. Leaves large, numerous, alternate, sessile, somewhat decurrent, ovate, lanceolate, pointed, entire, slightly viscid and hairy, pale-green colour, brittle, narcotic odour, with a nauseous, bitter acrid taste. Nicotine is a volatile oil, inflammable, powerfully alkaline, with an acrid smell and a burning taste. By distillation with water it yields a concrete volatile oil termed nicotianin or Tobacco camphor, which is tasteless, crystalline, and smells of Tobacco; other constituents are albumen, resin, gum, and inorganic matters.
The most important constituent is the alkaloid Nicotine, nicotianin, nicotinine, nicoteine, nicoteline. After leaves are smoked the nicotine decomposes into pyridine, furfurol, collidine, hydrocyanic acid, carbon-monoxide, etc. The poisonous effects of Tobacco smoke are due to these substances of decomposed nicotine.
Medicinally it is used as a sedative, diuretic, expectorant, discutient, and sialagogue, and internally only as an emetic, when all other emetics fail. The smoke injected into the rectum or the leaf rolled into a suppository has been beneficial in strangulated hernia, also for obstinate constipation, due to spasm of the bowels, also for retention of urine, spasmodic urethral stricture, hysterical convulsions, worms, and in spasms caused by lead, for croup, and inflammation of the peritoneum, to produce evacuation of the bowels, moderating reaction and dispelling tympanitis, and also in tetanus. To inject the smoke it should be blown into milk and injected, for croup and spasms of the rima glottides it is made into a plaster with Scotch snuff and lard and applied to throat and breast, and has proved very effectual. A cataplasm of the leaves may be used as an ointment for cutaneous diseases.
A protein can be extracted from the leaves. It is an odourless, tasteless white powder and can be added to cereal grains, vegetables, soft drinks and other foods. It can be whipped like egg whites, liquefied or gelled and can take on the flavour and texture of a variety of foods. It is 99.5% protein, contains no salt, fat or cholesterol. It is currently being tested as a low calorie substitute for mayonnaise and whipped cream
Herb Name: Tobacco
Other Names: Nicotiana
Latin Name: Nicotiana tabacum
Common parts Used: leaves
Tobacco is a herb obtained from tobacco plant. Mostly the leaves of the plants are dried and used. The plant is cultivated worldwide. It belongs to the family Solanaceae. It requires moist soil and light to grow.
Tobacco leaves are used for different purposes. Protein is extracted from the tobacco leaves. It is odorless and tasteless. It is mixed and added to grains, soft drinks and other food items. It is considered as a pure protein which has no fats and cholesterol. The tobacco leaves are also used in cigarettes.
Tobacco is used for medicinal purposes. It is used as relaxant from ancient times. The leaves are diuretic, emetic and narcotic. They are used to treat different skin diseases. The plant should be used with consultation. The tobacco leaves are also used for relief of pain incase of stings.