Other names: boxberry, chink, partirdge berry, spice berry, grouse berry, red pollom, ivory plum, redberry tea, hillberry
Scientific name: Gaultheria procumbens
Chinese names: Fu wo bai zhu shu, Ping pu bai zhu shu, ye cha bai zhu shu
Bangladesh names: Gandhpura, Gandapuro
Arabic names: الوينترغرين (Wintergreen)
Rain Forest names:
Approximate number of species known:
Common parts used: Leaf, Berry
Collection: leaves are collected during spring
Height: upto 1.3 m
Actions: Anodyne, antiseptic, aromatic, astrigent, stimulant, diuretic, emmenagogue, galactogogue, stimulant
Known Constituents: Volatile oil, which is largely salicylate
Wintergreen is a native North American evergreen shrub; the creeping stems send up erect branches, 2-6 inches high, which bear alternate, oval, leathery leaves with serrate (and sometimes bristly) margins. Both the leaves and the solitary, nodding, white, bell-shaped, flowers grow in the axils of the leaves near the tops of the branches. Flowering time is from May to September. The edible fruit following the flowers is a dry, scarlet, berrylike capsule about 1/3 inch across. The whole plant is pungent in taste the spiciness being due to the volatile oil
Traditionally used externally as a valuable skin remedy. Commonly used in essential oils. One its components meythl salicylate is related to aspirin, which makes it a common remedy used externally for rheumatism.
In small doses it is used to stimulate stomach juices.1 Also used as a emmenagogic and galactogogue.