Scientific name: Juniperus communis

Common names: Juniper Berries, Juniper Bush, Juniper Bark

Ayurvedic names: Hapusha 

Chinese names: Du song, Kuei

Bangladesh names: Havasha

Arabic names: Arar

Rainforest names:

Family: Fabaceae

Approximate number of species known:

Collection: Berries best collected in the ripe when not shrivelled.

Common parts used: Berries, twigs


Annual/Perennial: Perennial

Height: 2 to 3 feet

Actions: antiseptic, Diuretic, carminative, anti-rheumatic, anti-microbial, emmenagogue, stimulant, tonic,

Known Constituents: Oil: monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, sugar, flavone glycosides, resin, tannin

Constituents Explained:


Traditional Use:

A classic urinary tract herb.  A very ‘old school’ kidney herb that has been used by many of the big names in Herbalism.    The berries have been used as a disease preventative, the nerves, the vision, gout, pain in the body, and for the stomach and bowels.1  It has been used to prevent excessive bleeding in hemarroids.1

Clinical Studies:

Juniper essential oil (Juniperi aetheroleum) was obtained from the juniper berry, and the GC/MS analysis showed that the main compounds in the oil were alpha-pinene (29.17%) and beta-pinene (17.84%), sabinene (13.55%), limonene (5.52%), and mircene (0.33%). 

Juniper essential oil was evaluated for the antimicrobial activity against sixteen bacterial species, seven yeast-like fungi, three yeast and four dermatophyte strains. 

Juniper essential oil showed similar bactericidal activities against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial species, as well as a strong fungicidal activity against yeasts, yeast-like fungi and dermatophytes.

The strongest fungicidal activity was recorded against Candida spp. and dermatophytes.


Pepelinjak S, Kosalec I, Kalodera Z, Blazevic N. “Antimicrobial Activity Of Juniper Berry Essential Oil (Juniperus Communis L., Cupressaceae).” 2005 December