Meadowsweet 

(Queen of the Meadow)

Other names: Medwort, meadwort, bridewort, meadwort, dropwort and spiraea. 

Pride of the Meadow, Meadow-Wort, Meadow Queen, Lady of the Meadow, Dollof, Meadsweet and Bridewort. 

Scientific name: Filipendula ulmaria, Spiraea ulmaria 

Common names:                                          

Ayurvedic names:

Chinese names:

Bangladesh names:

Arabic names:    المروج (al morooj)

Rain Forest names:

Family:  Roseceae (Rose)

Approximate number of species known:

Common parts used: Flowers

Collection:

Annual/Perennial: Perennial

Height: Up to 1.2 metres

Actions:  Anti-rehumatic, anti-inflamtory, stomachic, anti-emetic, astrigent, antiulcerogenic, antacid, aromatic

Known Constituents: salicylic acid compounds called spiraeine and gaultherin, tannin, citric acid; flavanoids (3-5%) including rutin and other glycosides including quercitin; kaempferol glycosides; [henolic glycosides including spiraein (salicylaldehyde primveroside) monotropitin (methyl salicylate primveroside);  essential oil (.2% in the flowers) including salicyladehyde (75%), phenylethyl alchol (3%), benzyl alcohol (2%), methylsalicylate (1.3%) and others; tannins (10-15%)

salicylic acid, flavone-glycosides, essential oils and tannins

It is high in flavonoids, flavonol glycosides, gallo- and ellagitannins and an essential oil containing methylsalicylate and salicylaldehyde. 

It has been shown that meadowsweet contains phenolic constituents such as flavonoid aglycons (e.g., quercetin, kaempferol), glycosylated flavonoids (e.g., rutin, hyperoside, quercitrin, avicularin, astragalin), and hydrolysable tannins (tellimagrandin I and II, rugosin A, B, D, and E) as well as salicylates (salicylic acid, methyl salicylate, salicylaldehyde, salicylalcohol and their glycosides) [3], [4], [5], [6], [7], [8], [9]. Only a limited number of non-phenolic constituents such as phytosterols, carotenoids, triterpenes, and chlorophyll derivatives have been reported – reword

https://www.thieme-connect.com/products/ejournals/html/10.1055/s-0042-101943

Constituents on 70% ethanol extract

meadowsweet in 70% ethanol yielded five substances which were flavonoids (quercetin, isoquercetin, quercetin 4′-glucoside, rutin) and phenolcarboxylic acids (gallic acid). The fraction was found to have nootropic actions, with antiamnestic, antihypoxic, antioxidant, and adaptogenic activities. Studies of the antioxidant properties of the individual compounds showed that isoquercetin, quercetin 4′-glucoside, and rutin were more active than dihydroquercetin and ascorbic acid.

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11094-009-0275-2

rugosins A, B and E Polyphenols 

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/pca.1113

Constituents Explained:

Description: 

Native through most of Europe and West Asia.   Black dye is obtained from the roots.

The leaves have deep veins, and are creamy white.  The leaves are dark green on top and whitish green and down underneath.  The leaflets are 4-8cm long with 3-5 lobes.

Has an erect stem which is sometimes red or purple.

The small white flowers have an almond scent which is strong and sweet.

Generally the herb is considered pleasant tasting which  has led to being used as flavour in alcoholic beverages.

Traditional Use:

Used to relieve stomach complaints, improve digestion, reflux, heartburn and relive an over acid stomach.   It has astringent properties which often sees it employed in cases of diarrhoea. It sometimes used as an additive in beer and wine.

Its role in the advent of aspirin is now famous, with salicylic acid being isolated from the buds of the flower in 1839.   Salicylic acid by itself has been known to cause gastric discomfort. In order to overcome that acetylsalicylic acid was developed and called aspirin.  The name aspirin came from ‘a’ which stood for ‘aceytl’ and ‘spirin’ which comes from the botanical name of meadowsweet ‘spirae.’

thus it is sometimes used to relieve fever, or as a treatment for stiff and sore muscles.  An anti inflammatroy.

Clinical Studies:

Meadosweet as an anti coagulant

Meadowsweet flowers and seeds were found to have an equally coagulant effect

https://europepmc.org/article/med/8358277

Meadowsweet and heptaotprotective properties

Meadowsweet as a hepatotporective function <say a stence>

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10517-006-0331-9

Meadowsweet and cognitive recovery

The effects of the extracts of the aboveground parts of Filipendula vulgaris Moench on the behavior and memory of mice after hypoxic injury and their physical performance in the open-field test were studied using the models of hypoxia in a sealed volume, conditioned passive avoidance response (CPAR), and forced swimming with a load. The extracts improved animal resistance to hypoxia, normalized orientation and exploration activities, promoted CPAR retention after hypoxic injury, and increased physical performance. <rewrod>

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10517-015-2841-9

Meadowsweet and a reduction on tumours

In rats that received meadowsweet, the incidence of all malignant tumors and overall multiplicity of tumors were significantly decreased by 1.5 and 1.3 times, respectively. The greatest reduction of many parameters has been identified for breast tumors: the overall incidence was decreased by 1.5 (p = 0.0174) and the overall multiplicity and multiplicity of malignant tumors – by 1.6 (p = 0.0002) and 2.2 (p = 0.0383) times, respectively.

<reowrd>

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09553002.2016.1257834

From the flowers of meadowsweet and inflorescence of hawthorn the whole set of phenolic acids and flavonoids was analysed by TLC. Phenolic compounds were determined both as free ones and those liberated by hydrolysis. 

Moreover, ethyl ether and ethyl acetate extracts obtained from the analysed plants before and after alkaline and enzymatic hydrolyses were evaporated under reduced pressure and residues were analysed for their antioxidative properties. 

The weakest antioxidative activity was observed with the remaining residue after evaporation of ethyl ether extract obtained from enzymatically (beta-glucosidase) hydrolysed hawthorn inflorescence water extract. 

The strongest antioxidative activity was noticed with the remaining residues after evaporation of ethyl ether extracts obtained from non-hydrolysed and hydrolysed in alkaline conditions of meadowsweet flower water extracts. 

The residues from meadowsweet flowers exhibited stronger antioxidative properties than residues obtained from hawthorn inflorescence and can be recommended as margarine preservatives.

Reference:

Sroka Z, Cisowski W, Seredynska M, Luczkiewicz M. “Phenolic Extracts From Meadowsweet And Hawthorn Flowers Have Antioxidative Properties.” 2001 September-October http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11724378