Scientific name: Geranium maculatum
Common names: Alum root, American kino root
Arabic names: إبرة الراعي البرية (ibrat arraa’i al barriyyah)
Rain Forest names:
Approximate number of species known:
Common parts used: Whole herb, sprouts
Collection: April to may
Height: 1 to 2 feet
Actions: Astringent, anti-hemoorahgic, anti-inflammatory, vulnerary, anti-catarrhal
Known Constituents: Up to 25% tannins
It has thick rhizome and long stalk, palmately divided basal leaves; leaves broad, deeply 5-parted, segments toothed. Flowers pink to lavender (rarely white), 5 petaled, bowl shaped, grow in small terminal clusters, on long stalks in the axils of stem leaves
Used as an astringent to help stop excess blood flow, whether through wounds, menstruation or the faeces.
Herb Name: Geranium
Other Names: cranesbill
Latin Name: Citrus aurantium
Common parts Used: roots, leaves, flower
Geranium Is also know is cranesbill. It is mostly found Europe, North Africa, Iran and Britain. The plant needs moist soil and light to grown. It belongs to the family Geraniaceae.
Geranium is famine food; it is only used as emergency food and should be cooked. The flowers of Geranium are dried to obtain dye from it. The roots and leaves of Geranium are considered to be rich in tannin.
The plant of Geranium is used for medicinal purpose. The roots are rich in tannin. Geranium is a good astringent. It is also used as antiseptic and styptic. It is considered to be a tonic and roots are used for the remedy of diarrhea, dysentery. In females it is used for excessive menstruations. It is used internally and externally. Internally it is used for gastro-enteritis and internal bleeding. Externally it is used for treatment of wounds and inflammations of mouth.