Scientific Names: Bryonia alba
Chinese names: Kua-lou
Arabic names: البيضاء (al baydaa’e)
Rain Forest names:
Approximate Number of Species Known:
Common Parts Used: Root
Height: 10 to 12 feet
Actions: Pectoral, purgative, anti-rheumatic
Known Constituents: Glycosides (Curcubitacins named B, D, E, I, J, K, L and tetrahydrocucurbitacin I), fatty acids, tannins, volatile oils
Description: (please note: this is the general characteristics – colour, flavor etc)
Other names: Black-berried White Bryony. European White Bryony
Scientific name: Bryonia alba
Common part used: roots
This plant is distributed throughout the central and southern parts of Europe. Like any other species of the genus Bryonia, the bryony European white is a perennial, climbing herb, its leaves are palmately lobed, the flowers are grouped into clusters and fruits are round and smooth black berries.
The stem of this plants climbs with the help of long formations from the side of the leaves, and it dies away after the berries are ripe. In summer months it can extand on quite a big area, climbing the trees and bushes. The stems have some branches at the base, they are covered with short hairs, as well as leaves. Both the stems and the leaves have a rough surface, they are not smooth to the touch. The leaves remind one of the vine plants, they are stalked, lobed into five parts, which are rather equal in size except of the central, the longest one.
The flowers are not showy, they are small, white or greenish white and usually grouped in the clusters of three or up to eight. The flowers of these plants are unisexual.
The roots contain glucoside, which is used to produce medicine with a distinctive physiological effect.
The berries are not edible, they are small, aprozimately the size of peas when they are ripe, or better compared with black currant. They contain three to six big seeds, which are unpleasant to eat as well.
The tincture of the bryony European white is used in the homeopathy, it is widely employed as a diuretic and makes a wonderful remedy in gravel and other urinary issues and disorders. It is also helpful if used to relieve coughs, colds, high fevers and bronchitus conditions.