Other names: milfoil, noble yarrow, nosebleed, millefolium, ladies mantle, thousand leaf, old man’s pepper, thousand seal, soldier’s woundwort

Milfoil. Old Man’s Pepper. Soldier’s Woundwort. Knight’s Milfoil. Herbe Militaris. Thousand Weed. Nose Bleed. Carpenter’s Weed. Bloodwort. Staunchweed. Sanguinary. Devil’s Nettle. Devil’s Plaything. Bad Man’s Plaything. Yarroway. 

Devil’s Nettle, Devil’s Plaything, Bad Man’s Plaything, 

arrowroot, bad man’s plaything, carpenter’s weed, death flower, devil’s nettle, eerie, field hops, gearwe, hundred leaved grass, knight’s milefoil, knyghten, milefolium, milfoil, millefoil, noble yarrow, nosebleed, old man’s mustard, old man’s pepper, sanguinary, seven year’s love, snake’s grass, soldier, soldier’s woundwort, stanch weed, thousand seal, woundwort, yarroway, yerw. 

Scientific name: Achillea millefolium

Common names:

Ayurvedic names: Gandana

Chinese names: I-chi-kao

Bangladesh names:

Arabic names:    قيصوم ألفي الأوراق (qayssom alfiyyu al awraaq)

Rain Forest names:

Family: Compositae (ASTERACEAE)?

Approximate number of species known:

Common parts used: Leaf, whole plant, stem, flowers

Collection: Normally collected between early summer and early autumn

Annual/Perennial: Perennial

Height: 8 to 18 nches

Actions:  Diaphoretic, hemostatic, hyptensive, astrigent, diuretic, antiseptic, anti-catarrhal, haepatic, tonic, stimulant, emmenagogue

Diaphoretic, astringent, tonic, stimulant and mild aromatic. 

Known Constituents: flavanoids, tannins, alkaloids

dark green, volatile oil, a peculiar principle, achillein, and achilleic acid, which is said to be identical with aconitic acid, also resin, tannin, gum and earthy ash, consisting of nitrates, phosphates and chlorides of potash and lime. 

isovaleric acid, salicylic acid, asparagin, sterols, flavonoids, bitters, tannins, and coumarins

Constituents Explained:


Seems to grow under almost any condition.  The roots are creeping and it reproduces through seeds.  This leaves it being considered a weed.

The stem feels rough and is angular.  The leaves are alternate (picture) and are 3-4 inches long and 1 inch wide.  The leaves look a bit like feathers.

The flowers are white, and resemble small daises, and grow in loose terminal heads (picture)

The whole plant is covered in white hairs.

The large white compound umbels mean it is sometimes confused with water parsnip or even western water hemlock.

Traditional Use:


height 1-3 foot

Native to North America, and considered a weed in some parts of the world.  In Spanish it is called “plumajillo” meaning “little feather.” The plant only has a very short life.  In th emiddle ages it was used as a flavouring for beer, before the use of hops.

Has an erect stem thar produces one or more stems that grow upto 1m. The leaves are in an even distribution along the stem and get larger towards the bottom of the stem.

The basal leaves resemble feathers, and tend to be 5-20cm long.  At the top there are flowering stalkers that have flat umbels with very small white or flowers, sometimes with parts of pink that resemble daisies.

It is tolerant of drought, but the seeds require adequate light for germination so should not be planted more than ¼ inch into the soil.  Ideally it would grow at temperatures of 18024C (64-74F)

In the past it has been called Herba Militaris meaning, herb for the mili=tary.  It was believed to be used on the wounds of soldiers to stop bleeding.

The name nose bleed comes from the fact the leaves used to be roiled up, inserted into the base of the nostrils causing a bleeding from the nostrils, in the attempt to relieve a headache.

Externally is is has been used for hundreds of years as an ointment.

It has a bitter taste.

It has been used for colds, fevers and to induce perspiration.  Yarrow has been used on the hair to restore the colour and to promote hair growth in cases of baldness.

Sometimes planted to enhance the soil as it has a reputation for repeling bad insects, and attracting good ones.

Traditional Use:

The Native Americans used yarrow as a toothpaste and as a steam inhalation for headaches.

The Chinese believed that yarrow brightens the eyes and gives greater intelligence.

Hundreds of years ago this was eaten as a vegetable.  The leaves were used in a similar fashion to spinach.

A herb that has been used for a wide variety of purpose.  Its main claim to fame has been the leaves? Used to induce a fever.  A tea of the ? Would commonly be emplooyed in conjunction with very warm bathes that would induce a fever to aid the body in recovering from sicknesses especially cold anf lus.  It is used to increase urine flow, particulary if it is barely flowing.1

Herbs that induce fevers are called diaphertic herbs.

A mild bitter, Yarrow may also stimulate digestion.  It seems to work as a female tonic and may assist in regulation of the menstrual cycle.

It has also been employed in cases of circulation problems, as a remedy to help lower blood pressure, strengthen the small blood vessels (capillaries) and tone varicose veins.  It may lower blood pressure by dilating the blood vessels bringing a relief to thrombosis tyupe conditions.

It has been used as a urinary antiseptic

It has also been used externally particulary for small cuts and wounds.  It was once used by herbalists as an alternative to quinine.1

The tops of the flowers have sometimes been considered the most powerful aspect of the plant, and because they have a slight stimulant effect, have been used as a snuff.

When the flowers are distilled it is used for allergies such as hay fever.  The essential oil is used as an antiinflammatory or chestr rub.

Clinical Studies:



Scientific name:       Achillea millefolium

Family:                Compositae

Other names: 

Gordaldo, nosebleed plant, old man’s pepper, sanguinary, milfoil, soldier’s woundwort, and thousand-leaf.

The whole herb is used. Yarrow has seen historical use as a medicine, mainly because of its astringent effects. Decoctions have been used to treat inflammations such as piles (hemorrhoids), and also headaches. Confusingly, it has been said to both stop bleeding and promote it. Infusions of yarrow, taken either internally or externally, are said to speed recovery from severe bruising. The most medicinally active part of the plant are the flowering tops. They also have a mild stimulant effect, and have been used as a snuff. Today, yarrow is valued mainly for its action in colds and influenza, and also for its effect on the circulatory, digestive, excretory, and urinary systems.

Yarrow grows everywhere, in the grass, in meadows, pastures, and by the roadside. As it creeps greatly by its roots and multiplies by seeds it becomes a troublesome weed in gardens, into which it is seldom admitted in this country, though it is cultivated in the gardens of Madeira. The stem is angular and rough, the leaves alternate, 3 to 4 inches long and 1 inch broad, clasping the stem at the base, bipinnatifid, the segments very finely cut, giving the leaves a feathery appearance.

Yarrow Tea is a good remedy for severe colds, being most useful in the commencement of fevers, and in cases of obstructed perspiration.

It is believed that anti-allergenic compounds can be extracted from the flowers by steam distillation. The flowers are used to treat various allergic mucus problems, including hay fever. Flowers used in this way are harvested in summer or autumn, and an infusion drunk for upper respiratory phlegm or used externally as a wash for eczema. Inhale for hay fever and mild asthma, use fresh in boiling water.

In rare cases, yarrow can cause severe allergic skin rashes; prolonged use can increase the skin’s photosensitivity. In one study aqueous extracts of yarrow impaired the sperm production of laboratory rats.

Herb Name: Yarrow

Others names: Milfoil, Millefolium, Thousand-leaf, Thousand- leaf clover, Gordoloba, Green arrow, Nosebleed, Soldiers’ woundwort, Dog daisy, Sanguinary, Bloodwort, Old-mans pepper, Carpenter grass, Achillia, and Cammock 

Latin name: Achillea millefolium

Family: Asteraceae

Common part used: Whole Plant, Essential Oil

Description: Yarrow is a perennial herb with feathery leaves and white, pink, orange, red, or magenta flowers.

Properties: Yarrow is an herb that is used in herbal medicine to treat wounds, gynecological problems and menstrual problems. Yarrow is a bitter, aromatic, antibacterial, and astringent herb. It has antispasmodic activities; it reduces inflammation, promotes perspiration and relieves indigestion. It lowers blood pressure, relaxes spasms, arrests hemorrhage, and has diuretic properties.

Contents: Yarrow contains pyrrolidine alkaloids, flavonoids, b-pinene, caryophyllene, camphor, and azulenic compounds.

Internal use: Internally, Yarrow is used for flu, measles, and colds. It also helps to clear gastric mucus and indigestion. The flowers are used to increase appetite, for minor gastrointestinal spasms, and as a protection against heart attack and strokes.

External use: Externally, Yarrow is used in sitz baths to treat painful cramping conditions in the female pelvis. It is also commonly used for wounds, ulcers, nosebleeds, hemorrhoids, and inflamed eyes. In folk medicine, it is believed to be a powerful remedy for cuts and wounds.

Essential oil and aromatherapy use: Yarrow has reviving properties, and can boost your mood. It is beneficial for the circulation, varicose veins, neuralgia, and rheumatic pain. The essential oil is especially beneficial for various gynecological problems, such as painful periods, irregular menstruation, and menopausal problems. It stimulates the digestive system, regulates urine production and eases fever and congestion. Topically, it helps to treat slow healing wounds and sores. It is used for treating premature baldness and simulating hair growth.

Safety precautions: Prolonged use of Yarrow in high concentrations can result in skin photosensitivity and cause allergic skin reactions in some people. The essential oil may cause irritation and sensitivity in some people. Prolonged use may also cause headaches.