Scientific name: Carlina vulgaris (common Carline Thistle), Carlina acaulis (stemless Carline Thistle
Common names: Dwarf carline, Ground thistle, Southernwood root
Arabic names: كارلينا (carlina)
Rain Forest names:
Approximate number of species known: 30
Common parts used: Root, leaf
Actions: Carminative, diaphoretic, digestive, diuretic, febrifuge
Known Constituents: Oil including carlina oxide and carilene; inulin, phenol, palmitic acid, tannin, resin, flavanoids
Cultivation Prefers the sun. Prefers alkaline soil. Fairly drought tolerant, and can last as low as -20C.
A protected plant in the wild.
Not a commonly used herb today, though at one time it was used greatly as an aphrodisaic. Sometimes compared to elecampane. Used in creams as an anti septic, and used for the urinary tract. When it is used today its used for the digestive system, liver and gallbladder.
Externally the root has been used for wounds. The root is emetic in large doses and febrifuge in large doses.
Carlina acaulis has a long history of medicinal use in Europe due to its antimicrobial properties. The strong activity of Carlina oxide, the main compound of the essential oil of C. acaulis against two MRSA strains, Streptococcus pyogenes, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Candida albicans, and C. glabratawas confirmed.
A strong and selective activity against Trypanosoma brucei brucei was recorded. The selective toxicity of Carlina oxidemakes it a promising lead compound for the development of drugs to treat African trypanosomiasis and multiresistant gram-positive bacteria.
Herrmann F, Hamoud R, Sporer F, Tahrani A, Wink M. “Corlina Oxide – A Natural Polyacetylene From Carlina Acaulis (Asteraceae) With Potent Antitrypanosomal And Antimicrobial Properties.” 2011 November http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21678234