Lily of the Valley

Scientific name: Convallaria majalis, Convallaria majalis var. keiskei – from China and Japan, with red fruit and bowl-shaped flowers (now widely cited as Convallaria keiskei)[8][6]

  • C. majalis var. majalis – from Eurasia, with white midribs on the flowers
  • C. majalis var. montana – from the USA, with green-tinted midribs on the flowers
  • C. majalis var. rosea, with pink flowers, is also recognised by many authorities

Common names: May Bells, May Lily, Convallaria, Conval Lily

Ayurvedic names:

Chinese names:

Bangladesh names:

Arabic names:

Rain Forest names:

Family: Ruscaeae

Approximate number of species known:

Common parts used: Leaf, whole herb

Collection:  Leaf normally collected in late spring to early summer

Annual/Perennial: Perennial

Height: 15-30cm

Actions:  Cardio-active, mucilaginous, tonic

Known Constituents: Cardiac glycosides including convallan toxin and convallatoxol; saponins including convallarin and convallaric acid, asparagin, flavanoids, oil including farnesol

Constituents Explained:


Once a member of the lily valley, or sometimes placed in it’s own family called Convallariaceae.  Tends to grow in cooler climates in Asia and Europe and in small parts of the Eastern North America.

The stolons????

Tends to only have one or two leaves 10-25cm long.  The stems grow flowers towards the tip. The fruit is small orange-red looking berry 5-7mm in fiameter with large white0bornwish seeds.

It’s used as food for members of the lipidoptera speciies (butterflies…

Traditional Use:

The active compounds in the plant are similar to the drug digitalis, but generally used because its considered safer.  Used in cases of heart failure and water rention (dropsy) that is associated with the heart. Used when breathing is impaired from the heart.  Like any medication for the heart it is important to advise caution when using it.

Jethro Kloss used this herb as a general remedy for the heart, epilepsy, dizziness and convulsions.1  In large doses it may cause nausea and diahrea.

It has been used as a diuretic and to lower blood pressure.

Clinical Studies:



Herb Name: Lilly

Other Names:  Hongkong lilly, Lillium candidum

Latin Name:  Lillium brownii

Family:  Liliaceae

Common parts Used: flower, roots

Lilly is herbaceous flowering plant. It is garden plant; it has great importance in cultural values. There are many kinds of Lilly. The flower grows from bulb. Hong Kong Lilly is found in Eastern Asia, China and Burma. It belongs to the family Liliaceae. 

The Lilly bulb is edible it is cooked and eaten. It has a sweet taste. It is used as substitute of potatoes. Starch is extracted from the bulb. It is used in soaps and other beverages. The petals are dried and later used in flavoring soups and beverages.

The Bulb of the plant is considered as a tonic. It is diuretic. Lilly are remedy for gas trouble and are used as anti-inflammation. The decoction of plant is used in treatment of anxiety and coughs. It is also used for clearing the urination. The leaves are used for treatment of digestive especially intestinal disorders. The Lilly flower are dried and crushed into powder and used for cuts and bruises. 


Herb Name: Lily

Others names: 

Sego lily,

Douglas wild onion,

Wide-fruit mariposa,


Latin name: leirion

Family:  Liliaceae

Common part used:  

Entire plant

Lilies are leafy stemmed herbs. They form naked or tunic-less scaly underground bulbs from which they overwinter. In some North American species the base of the bulb develops into rhizomes, on which numerous small bulbs are found. Some species develop stolons. Most bulbs are deeply buried, but a few species form bulbs near the soil surface. Many species form stem-roots. With these, the bulb grows naturally at some depth in the soil, and each year the new stem puts out adventitious roots above the bulb as it emerges from the soil. These roots are in addition to the basal roots that develop at the base of the bulb.

Many species are widely grown in the garden in temperate and sub-tropical regions. Sometimes they may also be grown as potted plants. A large number of ornamental hybrids have been developed. They can be used in herbaceous borders, woodland and shrub plantings, and as a patio plant.

Lilium bulbs are starchy and edible as root vegetables, although bulbs of some species may be very bitter. The non-bitter bulbs of L. lancifoliumL. pumilum, and especially L. brownii are grown at large scale in China as a luxury or health food, most often sold in dry form. They are eaten especially in the summer, for their ability to reduce internal heat. They may be reconstituted and stir-fried, grated and used to thicken soup, or processed to extract starch. Their texture and taste draw comparison with the potato, although the individual bulb scales are much smaller.

Medicinal uses: Lily of the Valley 

Remedies For: Diuretic, cardiac, tonic, laxative, mucilaginous.

Traditionally described as “Lily of the valley” is very quieting to the heart and good for the heart generally. It is also useful in epilepsy, dizziness, and convulsions of all kinds. Good for palsy and apoplexy. Strengthens the brain and makes the thoughts clearer. Useful for dropsy. Large doses may cause nausea vomiting and diarrhea.

Herb Name: White Lily

Others names: Madonna lily

Latin name: Lilium candidum

Family: Liliaceae

Common part used: Bulb, Flowers

Description: White lilies are plants with about 1 meter tall stalks, linear leaves, large white bulbs, and large white flowers. The plant is famous for its strong aroma.

Properties: White lily is an herb that is used in herbal medicine to rejuvenate the skin, as well as to treat burns, wounds, irritated and damaged skin tissue. White lily is an astringent herb with powerful healing properties.

Contents: The essential oil that is obtained from the flowers has large amounts of vanillin, p-cresol, terpineol, linalol, and phenylethyl alcohol. Flowers additionally contain flavonoids, carotenoids, jatrophine, and lilaline. Bulbs contain starch, soluble polysaccharides, pyrrolic alkaloids, phytosterols, tannins, and amino acids. 

Internal use: Internally, it is used for edema and female complaints.

External use: Externally, it is commonly used in the form of an emollient poultice for tumors, ulcers, external inflammation, burns, scalds and corns. It is used for healing wounds and burns, and helps to eliminate the scarring after wounds heal. Bulbs are used in the form of poultice for relieving abscesses and boils. Vinegar made of White lily is often used to treat warts. Lily flowers extracts are used in cosmetics for treating skin with broken capillaries. The bulbs extract is soothing, protective, anti-inflammatory, hydrating and emollient. The extract can improve the state of the dry, sensitive, or irritated skin. The extracts help to seal the moisture in the skin and to maintain optimal moisture levels.

Essential oil and aromatherapy use: Essential oil is commonly used in perfumes.

Safety precautions: Not noted.