Other names: mountain mint, winter marjoram
Scientific name: Origanum vulgare
Ayurvedic names: Bhringraja kul
Chinese names: Ao le gang, Niu zhi, Ao le gang cao
Bangladesh names: Jowan, Yamani
Arabic names: المردقوش (al murdaqoosh)
Rain Forest names:
Approximate number of species known:
Common parts used: Whole herb
Height: upto 32 inches
Actions: Aromatic, carminative, diaphoretic, emmenagogue, pungent, stimulant, stomachic
Known Constituents: essential oil, volatile oil, tannins, resin, sterols, flavonoids
Used like many common spices for the stomach and digestion. The oil has been used in the ear, and on tooth ache.1
Externally it has been used for swelling and sprain.
The present investigation is focused on antibacterial potential of infusion, decoction and essential oil of oregano (Origanum vulgare) against 111 Gram-positive bacterial isolates belonging to 23 different species related to 3 genera.
Infusion and essential oil exhibited antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus saprophyticus, S. aureus, Micrococcus roseus, M. kristinae, M. nishinomiyaensis, M. lylae, M. luteus, M. sedentarius, M. varians, Bacillus megaterium, B. thuringiensis, B. alvei, B. circulans, B. brevis, B. coagulans, B. pumilus, B. laterosporus, B. polymyxa, B. macerans, B. subtilis, B. firmus, B. cereus and B. lichiniformis.
The infusion exhibited maximum activity against B. laterosporus followed by B. polymyxa and essential oil of oregano exhibited maximum activity against S. saprophyticus followed by B. circulans.
Saeed S, Tariq P. “Antibacterial Activity Of Oregano (Origanum Vulgare Linn.) Againsta Gram Positive Bacteria.” 2009 October http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19783523